A learning target is a lesson-sized standards-based goal which can be accomplished within the timeframe of a single lesson period spanning one to three days (Brookhart). The learning target guides instruction for teacher and students with both focusing on meeting the lesson target by the end of the period. Learning targets are specific, measurable, actionable, relevant, and timely (SMART). Learning targets are derived by unwrapping content standards and then used to: (a) guide the development of formal and informal assessments; (b) plan instruction; and (c) facilitate self-directed student learning. A learning target provides students with a clear understanding of what they need to know and be able to do in order to be successful. Some learning targets (especially those that extend beyond 1 class period) may be accompanied by more detailed *success criteria. Learning targets are sometimes written as “I Can” statements.