A lesson target is a lesson-sized standards-based goal which can be accomplished within the timeframe of a single lesson period (1-3 days). The lesson target guides instruction for teacher and students with both focusing on meeting the lesson target by the end of the period. Learning targets are specific, measurable, actionable, relevant, and timely (SMART). Learning targets are derived by unwrapping content standards and then used to: (a) guide the development of formal and informal assessments; (b) plan instruction; and (c) facilitate self-directed student learning. A lesson target provides students with a clear understanding of what they need to know and be able to do in order to be successful. Some learning targets (especially those that extend beyond 1 class period) may be accompanied by more detailed *success criteria. Learning targets are sometimes written as “I Can” statements.
Analysis of Student Needs
An analysis of student needs is a detailed examination of student characteristics both individually and within various groups. Teachers use multiple sources of information about their students in order to develop an understanding of students from multiple lenses. Teachers seek to identify meaningful relationships across multiple information sources and develop conclusions about what each student needs based on their analysis of individual and whole group data sources.